Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Ibn Sina, The Father of Modern Medicine

Ibn Sina / Avicenna

Ibn Sina is one of the world's most respected Islamic figures. He was very famous in his time on the field of medicine. Not only during his life, because until now, the contribution in the field of medicine are still being used. No wonder, if he gets the nickname of father of Modern medicine.

He has the original name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī ibn Sīnā. Ibn Sina also have latin names Avicenna. He was born in 370 Hijri in 980 CE in Afsyahnah area near the region of Bukhara (in Persian) is now Uzbekistan. Intelligence does look since she was a child. Intelligence is sharpened because since childhood her father already get used to him doing scientific studies.

Among the books and treatise written by Ibn Sina, al-betterbydrbrooke or al-Syfa in Bible philosophy and Al-Qanun in medical science known all the masses. Al-betterbydrbrooke ' written in 18 Volumes that discuss philosophy, mantiq, mathematics, natural science and ilahiyyat. Mantiq al-betterbydrbrooke, known today as the most authentic books of Islamic sciences mantiq, while discussion of the nature and science of al-ilahiyyat Betterbydrbrooke ' up to this point is also still the subject of study.

In the medical sciences, kitab Al-Qanun Ibn Sina's writings for several centuries became the major reference book and most authentic. In the medical sciences, kitab Al-Qanun Ibn Sina's writings for several centuries became the major reference book and most authentic. This book discusses the General Medical Sciences, medicine, and various kinds of diseases. Along with the Awakening movement of translation in the 12th century a.d., kitab Al-Qanun Ibn Sina works translated into Latin. Now the book has also been translated into the language of the United Kingdom, France and Germany. Al-Qanun is the book collection of the ancient method of treatment and methods of treatment of Islam.

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According to Ibn Sina, someone recently was recognized as a gifted, if he mastered philosophy perfectly. Ibn Sina was very careful in studying the views of Aristotle's philosophy. When told his experience studying the thought of Aristotle, Avicenna claimed that he read the works of Aristotle's Metaphysics book by as much as 40 times. He mastered the meaning of the book perfectly after reading on or explanation of Aristotle's ' metaphysical ' which was written by a previous muslim philosophers, Farabi

Because of the seriousness of the researched and studied philosophy done by earlier philosophers such as Al-Kindi and Farabi, Avicenna successfully made and put together a coordinated system of Islamic philosophy which is neat. Avicenna did a great job by answering questions that are left unanswered by previous philosophy.

Ibn Sina death when she was 58 years old and is just at the Islamic year 428But his departure does not remove the works she created and is beneficial to humans until now. The name of the magnitude remains alive to this day, because this is an example of the great civilizations of Iran in his day.
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Saturday, February 17, 2018

Top 10 Countries With The Largest Muslim Population In The World

The religion of Islam is one of the largest religions in the world. Muslim growth itself is believed to reach 2.9% per year, while the world population growth reached only 2.3%. This makes the number of Islam as a religion with the fastest growing population in the world. Nowadays, Islam is ranked second by the number of followers as much as 1.59 billion. Or about 23% of the total world population. The number of Muslims is expected to rise almost doubled. Muslim estimate range of 2.7 billion in the year 2050, this will make the 29% of the world population are Muslims. Asia became the largest Muslim population in which Indonesia is the largest.

Here we present list 10 countries with the largest Muslim population :

1. Indonesia

Indonesia Flag

A country located in South East Asia is one of the countries with the largest population in the world. From 260 million residents of Indonesia, reported at least 88.1 percent are Muslim. The percentage of Muslim Indonesia reach up to 12.7% of the Muslim population in the world. Make Indonesia become the country with the largest Muslim population in the world.

2. Pakistan

Pakistan Flag

Pakistan is a country of the former British colonization which is located in South Asia. Approximately 96% of Pakistanis are Muslims from a population estimated at 193.2 million. Or take 11% of the entire population of the Muslim world.

3. India

India Flag

With the number of inhabitants reached 1,316 billion, India became the second country with the largest population. Though it is not the religion of the majority, the number of Islamic societies in India reaches 150 million more or approximately 14% of the total population in India.

4. Bangladesh

Bangladesh Flag

Bangladesh is a country contiguous with India and Pakistan. The number of Islamic population in Bangladesh reached 87% of the total population of Bangladesh is estimated at 150 million. This makes the country the fourth largest Muslim population ranking.

5. Egypt

Egypt Flag

Egypt is a country filled with a history of Islam in the past. Egypt is still a part of the Arabian peninsula. Located on the continent of Africa, Egypt has up to 80 million Muslims, which led him to 4.9 % of the world's Muslim population.

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6. Nigeria

Nigeria Flag

Nigeria is a country in West Africa. According to statistics, the percentage of Muslims in Nigeria up to 4.7 percent of the Muslim population of the world. 76 million residents embraced Islam in Nigeria. This figure makes Nigeria is ranked 6 countries with the largest Muslim population.

7. Iran

Iran Flag

Country located in Western Asia it has a percentage of 99.6 % Muslim. There are about 76 million Muslims in Iran or 4.6 percent of the world's Muslim population. The majority of Muslims in this country are Syiah. Iran is currently the largest Islamic State, is famous for his Muslim militancy.

8. Turkey

Turkey Flag

The only country of the continent of Europe who entered the list of top 10. 98.6% of the population of Turkey is Muslim. Make Turkey into an Islamic State that is respected in the world armed with a legendary Ottoman Empire history.

9. Algeria

Algeria Flag

Algeria is a country located in North Afrika near the Mediterranean coast. Almost all citizens of Algeria is a Muslim, his percentage reached 98.2% of the total population in the country. This makes Algeria accounted for 2.1 % of the total population of the Muslim world.

10. Morocco

Morocco Flag

Just like Algeria, Morocco is a country with nearly all of the inhabitants are Muslim. His percentage even reached 99.9%. The role of the dynasty in the past to be one of the factors that make Morocco became an Islamic State.
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Thursday, February 15, 2018

See The Uniqueness of Islamic Culture In Turkey

Galata Tower

Turkey is a big country which is in the Eurasia because his nation between the two continents also results in Turkey have a unique culture that is mixing the Eastern culture and Western culture. The capital city of Turkey is Ankara itself but the most important and largest cities there is Istanbul. The majority of Turkish society embrace the religion of Islam.

The culture of Turkey at this time still remains grounded in the traditions of Islam, where the influence of the West is in the city and it is still very limited, while in the Interior of Turkey, Islamic culture still thick enough to be seen. Historical factors in the recent past to make Islamic culture in Turkey are still treated to date. Historic buildings during the Ottoman Caliph and since the reign of Mustafa Kemal to the present day there are still well maintained and made into a museum by the Government of Turkey.

The civilization of Islam with Arabic and Persian influence into a profound legacy for the people of Turkey as the remnants of the Ottoman Dynasty. Islam in the era of the Caliphate was applied as a religion which regulates the relationship between man and Allah SWT to protect them, as the creator, and also the social systems that underlie the life of society and the State.

Istanbul Mosque

Turkey Ottoman Empire who ruled from 1300 to 1922 this left rich architectural treasures, ranging from palaces, forts, mosques, to the grave. Istanbul as the Central Government has hundreds of mosque architecture, form nearly uniform. The hallmark of a mosque in Turkey is situated on the beautiful dome is surrounded by a high tower. In addition to the mosque's dome type, Muslims at the time of the Ottoman Empire showing the type of field and the mosque madrassa.

Read More : See The Unique Culture Of Islamic Marriage In India

While the music of Turkey includes elements of the folk music of Central Asia, Arab, Persian classical music, the music of ancient Greece-Roman and modern popular music of Europe and America. Turkey, rich in musical heritage, has developed the art of two areas, classical Turkey (similar to Greece-Roman) and folk music of Turkey (similar to Central Asia).

In the field of culinary, Turkey is famous with Kebabs which existed from the 14th century. This food is historically derived from Arabic but growing rapidly in Turkey. Until recently Kebab has been known almost all over the world.
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Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Samudra Pasai, The First Islamic Sultanate In Indonesia

The Relics of the Former Kingdom of Samudera Pasai

Samudra Pasai
Empire is the first Islamic Kingdom in Indonesia. Samudra Pasai Empire is geographically located on the eastern coast of North Sumatra Island or precisely in Aceh adjacent to the cruise lines trade between national bank at the time, that the Malacca Strait. The Kingdom was founded by Meurah Silu or better known as Malik Al Saleh in the year 1267.

The Sultanate of the Kingdom of the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai Empire reached its zenith under the rule of Sultan Zain Al-Abidin al-Malik Az-Zahir. Precisely in 1383 until 1405. According to notes from the land of China in the form of the Chinese Chronicle of Sultan Zain Al Abidin al-Malik Az-Zahir in the notes with a Chinese name Tsai-nu-li-a-pi-ting-ki. Unfortunately, during the reign of Sultan Zain Al-Abidin al-Malik Az-Zahir should be marked the death of the King at the battle of Nakur. Since then the powers of Samudra Pasai Empire led by the wife of Sultan Zain Al-Abidin al-Malik Az-Zahir, Sultanah Nahrasiyah. The first woman to become the King of Samudra Pasai. Under the leadership of Sultanah Nahrasiyah, Samudra Pasai Empire experienced a heyday. During his reign he was once visited by the fleet of Admiral Cheng Ho Zheng. Even Admiral Cheng Ho many times to visit the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai in the year 1405, 1408 and 1412.

Samudra Pasai in Economics gets rapid progress. Gold coins as a means of Exchange. Plus shipping and trade quickly made him famous rich and prosperous. The Kingdom of that time became a supplier of world famous pepper. The people of the Kingdom of Pepper plant and harvest every 2 times a year. The community must also produce milk cow's milk cheese that is made for trade in the European countries. Who created a Kingdom located in the Strait of Malacca became very prosperous.

Samudra Pasai also has a good relationship with the surrounding kingdoms. As with the Kingdom of Malacca where marriage often occurs between the two Sultanates. The Kingdom also has good relations with China, with often sent the Sultan there to seek knowledge. But the relationship is not good, too entwined with the King of Nakur. Where is the Kingdom of Nakur suddenly attacked the Sultanate of Samudra Pasai and made the King Pasai killed.

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The collapse of the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai caused some internal and external influences. Before the collapse of the Empire internally often involved disputes between Royal families. Power struggles of their fellow members of the often the case. The civil war and the rebellion were inevitable. Even the King of that time asking for help from the King of Malacca to quell the revolt. But that didn't happen because in 1511 Malacca empire fell to Portugal. Ten years later the case, precisely the 1521 Portugal invaded the Kingdom of Pasai and makes the Kingdom fell. But the seed of the Kingdom is still there, so the year 1524 Samudra Pasai became part of the Sultanate of Aceh.
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Monday, February 12, 2018

Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, A Muslim Mathematician

Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi

Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi
 or better known as
 Al-Khwarizmi was an expert in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, geography, and astrology from Persia. He was born in Bukhara and Khiva, he lived at about 780 in Uzbekistan and died around the year 850 in Baghdad. Al-Khwarizmi, best known as the inventor of algebra and the number zero (0). In education has proven that al-Khwarizmi was prominent Islamic knowledge.

Al-Khwarizmi is the creator of the theory of the Secans and tangent trigonometric and astronomical also researched. While still young, Al-Khwarizmi, working at the Bayt al-Hikmah in Baghdad during the reign of Caliph Al-Ma'mun. Al-Khwarizmi work at an Observatory place studied mathematics and astronomy. In addition, he is also believed to be the leader of the library of the Caliph. Other science that he learned in the field of mathematics and generating mathematical concepts that are so popular that is still used today. Astronomy also makes al-Khwarizmi, famous. Astronomy can be defined as the science Mu'awwadzatain about Star which involves the study of the position, movement, and thought and interpretation related to the stars.

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As a scientist, he has created many works, including the Al-Kitab al mukhtasar fi hisab aljabr wa’l-muqabala calculations it is a book that contains about summary calculation, heavy equipment (contains a summary of the basics of algebra). He also makes other books, such as an Al-Kitab al-Jam’a wal-tafriq bi-hisab al-Hind, Al-Ard, and Algebra, book classified by historians as a book about the basics of mathematics that can be applied in daily life.

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Al-Khwarizmi 's personality has been recognized by Muslims as well as the Western world. This can be evidenced when G. Sarton said that "the highest Achievement has been obtained by the people of the East." In this case Al-Khwarizmi. Other figures, Wiedmann said. "Al-Khwarizmi has a great personality and dedicated his life to the world of science".

For all the works that have been created by him, Al-Khwarizmi was dubbed by the world as the father of the father of mathematics or algebra. He is also known as one of the most influential Islamic figures in the field of knowledge.
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Top 7 Largest Mosque In The World

A mosque is a holy place for Muslims. The mosque is also a place of worship and prays for the Muslims. Almost throughout the city in the world has a mosque. Even for a country that the majority of its citizens are Muslim, the existence of the mosque up to remote corners of the region. Even in Indonesia as the country with the largest number of Muslims in the world, they have 800 thousand more mosques in the whole area of Indonesia.

In some countries, the mosque to go with very magnificent and has a large typical seating to accommodate Muslims to pray. Here we present a list seven of the largest mosque in the world.

1. The Great Mosque of Mecca (al-Masjid al-haram) - Saudi Arabia

The Great Mosque of Mecca

The first largest mosque is The Great Mosque of Mecca (al-Masjid al-haram) in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This mosque was built with the aim to place the arrival of the Hajj for Muslims. At the Masjid al-haram, there is the Kaaba the Qibla direction is the Muslims all over the world. With a capacity of almost being able to accommodate 4 million Muslims for worship, the mosque became the largest mosque in the world for the moment.

2. Prophet's Mosque (Al-Masjid an-Nabawi) - Saudi Arabia

Prophet's Mosque

The mosque also has historical significance for Muslims. Since the mosque was built by Prophet Muhammad is the second Mosque is owned by Muslims after al-Masjid al-haram. There is the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad in the mosque frequented by Muslims to make a pilgrimage.

3. Istiqlal Mosque - Indonesia

Istiqlal Mosque

As a country with the world's largest Muslim population, Indonesia also has a large mosque located in the capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta. Istiqlal mosque was built to commemorate Indonesia's independence precisely on 24 August 1951 and opened to the public on February 22, 1978. The name Istiqlal itself comes from Arabic and means "freedom". This Mosque is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia.

4. Imam Reza Shrine Mosque - Iran

Imam Reza Shrine Mosque

Iran also has a large and beautiful mosque. In Mashhad, Iran, there is a mosque of the Imam Reza. It is named after the mosque of Imam Reza because in the mosque there is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam Imamiyah. In the Mosque complex itself there are several Goharshad Mosque space, museum, library, four seminaries, University Islamic Sciences Razavi, a dining area for pilgrims, a large hall for prayers, and other buildings.

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5. Imam Ali Mosque - Iraq

 Imam Ali Mosque

The Mosque's Imam li complex is located in the middle of the city of Najaf, about 160 km south of the city of Baghdad. A cousin of the Prophet Muhammad while the fourth Caliph Ali Ibn Abi Talib is buried here. So this mosque is visited every day by the Shia Muslims highly venerated Ali Ibn Abi Talib. Even many of the citizens of Iraq who want to be buried near the tomb of Ali Ibn Abi Talib.

6. Faisal Mosque - Pakistan

Faisal Mosque

Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan and is located in the national capital Islamabad. The mosque was built in 1986 and funded by the King when the King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz. The mosque is unique because it has no dome in a mosque in general. Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in South Asia.

7. Hassan II Mosque - Morrocco

Hassan II Mosque

A magnificent and beautiful Mosque is located in the country of Morocco. Hassan II Mosque is located in the city of Casablanca which is the largest mosque in Africa. The mosque operation in 1993, designed by Michel Pinseau and built by Bouygues. The tower is the highest in the whole world with the height reaches 210 metres.

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