Sunday, July 21, 2019

3 Oldest Mosques In Indonesia

The number of mosques in Indonesia is very much. Even almost every kampong has its own mosque. It is not surprising because 87% or about 200 million Indonesian are Muslims.There are 2 opinions that say the first to say that Islam efficacy to Indonesia in the 7th century AD, and the second to say that Islam efficacy to Indonesia in the 13th century and both of them are each the same carried by traders from the Arab. Also not surprising if there is a mosque that has been in the year and is old standing in Indonesia.

Here are the 3 oldest mosques in Indonesia :

1. Saka Tunggal Mosque 1288

Saka Tunggal Mosque
Saka Tunggal Mosque

For this mosque itself located precisely in Cikakak village, Wangon District of Banyumas Regency, Central Java. In the main pillar of this mosque there is a record of the establishment year is in the year 1288 that was founded by Kyai Mustolih and in fact there are still many books Kyai Mustolih about this mosque but very in the book of the books are gone no longer.

For this mosque also why in the name Saka Tunggal ?

Tunggal in English means single or one. Because this mosque only use 1 pillar, and the pillar is also one of the symbols of the subordinate Allah SWT the Almighty.

2. Wapauwe Mosque 1414

Wapauwe Mosque
Wapauwe Mosque

For the mosque this one is very clean well maintained. The mosque was built in 1441 A.D., which was used as the center of Islamic distribution in the Maluku era. Previously, this mosque was not a Wapauwe, but it was originally called Wawane because it was built right on the slopes of the mountain Wawane. This mosque is also famous in because in this mosque there are Mushaf AL-Quran which is reportedly Mushaf the oldest in Indonesia.

Recited Mushaf for Imam Muhammad Aricapessy which was completed and written in 1550 AD and also there is Mushaf Nur Cahya which was written in 1590 AD.

3. Ampel Mosque 1421

Ampel Mosque
Ampel Mosque

Ampel Mosque is one of the oldest mosques located in the village of Ampel, Semampir Sub-district, Surabaya, East Java. The mosque is named after the Ampel mosque in because its founder, Sunan Ampel. Nowadays, this mosque can still be used and is one of the religious tourism destination in Surabaya. In this mosque there is also a cemetery complex of the founders of the mosque, Sunan Ampel which annually visited by the community.

Not only that, near this mosque there is one very old well that is believed by some people is a lucky well.
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Saturday, July 20, 2019

Great Signs Of Doomsday According to Islamic Teachings


The apocalypse is a day when the world will be destroyed without a trace. There is not one person who knows when the day of resurrection will occur. But according to Islamic teachings there were some great signs before the occurrence of the day. After the apocalypse happens we will be responsible for all that we are to do throughout our lifetime.

Here is signs :

1. Dajjal Appears


The first sign of the apocalypse is the emergence of the Antichrist. Among the events that occurred since the prophetic Adam to the day of resurrection, there is nothing greater than the emergence of the Dajjal itself. Dajjal known as a great one-eyed creature going out of nowhere between the land of Sham and Iraq. Early arrival of the Antichrist he said the Muslims claimed to be Muslims, then claimed to be the Prophet and ultimately claimed to be God. Many Muslims who initially believed to be infidels because they are from the Dajjal. The Antichrist has tremendous strength and craftsmanship. He was able to revive the dead, heal various diseases and be able to lower the rain.

Read More :  Samudra Pasai, The First Islamic Sultanate In Indonesia

2. The Coming of Prophet Isa

Muslims believe that the Prophet Isa has not died. The Prophet Jesus was lifted up to heaven by God from the disbelievers chase. It is mentioned that on the day of the Resurrection Prophet Isa As will descend in the White tower located east of Damascus city in the land of Syam. Allah will again bring down the Prophet Isa to the world before the apocalypse occurs. In addition to killing the Antichrist, Prophet Isa will kill one of the creatures that is a sign of the great Doomsday Yajuj and Majuj.

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3. The Emergence of Yajuj and Majuj

Yajuj and Majuj are human beings who do not have regular posture.  They are not good at talking and not eloquent, small-eyed (sipit), small-nosed, wide-face, red-coloured skin as if his face is like a shield and other qualities. Muslims believe that nowadays the Yajuj and Majuj are confined in an area covered by thick walls. But at the time of the apocalypse they succeeded in destroying the wall and making chaos in this world. Until the end is only prophet Isa who was able to defeat and destroy the people of Yajuj and Majuj.

4. The Sun Rises From The West

If on a daily sunrise from the east, but before the day of Resurrection The sun will rise from the opposite direction, namely from the West. And if that day occurs then it is closed the repentance door for mankind. It is also ensured that the day of judgement is imminent.

5. Blowing Trumpets

Blowing Trumpets

On the day of Resurrection, the angel of Israfil will sound a trumpet. The first blowing of the trumpet will surprise the next man the second will destroy mankind and the third blowing will awaken all mankind from the grave or his death. This is a sign and a final sequence of doomsday events.

Such is a big sign of doom that we can know as Muslims. By knowing this sign then we must be faithful and prepare ourselves. In addition, we must seek forgiveness and protection from Allah SWT until someday we are resurrected in a state of faith and do not suffer torment or see a terrible resurrection.
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Thursday, June 27, 2019

Ibn Al-Haytham, A Muslim Inventor of Optical Sciences

Ibn Al-Haytham
Ibn Al-Haytham

Hasan ibn al-Haitsam (Ibn Al-Haytham) or better known as Alhazen is a Muslim scholar who is skilled in science, falak, mathematics, geometry, medicine, and philosophy. He has also done research on light, and has provided much inspiration to Western science experts, such as Roger Bacon, and Kepler in creating microscopes and telescopes. He was born in 965 A.D. in Bashrah, Iraq.

In general, Alhazen is also the first person to learn how to work the eye to see. In the 10th century he made his own first camera. The camera that was first created was the camera obscura or better known as a pinhole camera. This item shows how light can be used to project an image on a flat surface. When making this first camera, Alhazen performs a series of experiments on optics. In his various experiments, Ibn Al-Haitham used the term "Al-Bayt al-Muthlim " which translates as dark space.

Read More :  Ibn Sina, The Father of Modern Medicine

He made a very thorough experiment on the trajectory of light through several mediums and found a light refruse theory. He is also the first to experiment on spreading light against multicolored colours. Ibn Haitham also explained about the variety of light that arose at sunset, including theories of appearance of Shadows, eclipses, and rainbows. The Iraqi scientist was noted as the first person to describe the senses of human vision in detail. No exception, about the process human beings can see.

One of his most phenomenal books is Al-Manadhir which is widely translated into Latin in his time to help the development of human civilization. But unfortunately, the original book of Al-Manadhir is currently unknown to his existence.

Read More : Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, A Muslim Mathematician

Thanks to his works and thoughts in the world optics, he was dubbed the father of optics. Ibn al-Haytham died in Cairo, Egypt in 1039 at the age of 74 years.
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Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Historical Mosque In China

China is a country with the largest population in the world. Despite being a minority, Muslims in China still exist. According to wikipedia, the number of Muslims in China to 23 million Muslims or 1.7% of the total population. With a population of Muslims as much as it was, China also have thousands of mosques. But of the many existing mosques, there are some the largest mosque and have historical significance. Here are the 4 largest Mosques has long a history in China.

1. Niujie Mosque
Niujie Mosque, Beijing - China

Niujie Mosque is a historical mosque located in Beijing, China. The mosque has undergone a major renovation and expansion of the number of times it is the Muslim community center of Beijing totaling reach 200 thousand inhabitants. The architecture shows a mixture of typical Chinese-Islamic design. The largest mosque in Beijing is also the starting point of Islam in China

The muslim place of worship was first built during the Liao dynasty at 907-1125. The mosque has undergone three renovations since the founding of the Republic of China in 1949, respectively in 1955, 1979 and 1996. The area is filled with shops that sell Muslim cuisine by a seller who wore white caps. Named Niujie because residents in the area sell halal cuisine, especially the beef then called Niujie or "Street Beef". The mosque has become one of the tourist destinations.

2. Id Kah Mosque
Id Kah Mosque, Kasghar - China

The complex's mosque is located in Kasghar, Xinjiang Province, China. The mosque's architecture shows a very strong Islamic style accompanied by love-love. In the left and right side effects there are mosques discuss Tower, courtyards, halls and large space for prayer. In the local language, "Idgar" acting is discussing the temple to pray. Over the years the Idgar Mosque became a sacred place at once as a place to celebrate the religious activities.

Id Kah is the house of God in China. Each Friday, it houses nearly 10,000 worshippers and may accommodate up to 20,000.

The mosque was desaign by Saqsiz Mirza in ca. 1442 (although it incorporated older structures qualitative analysis back to 996) and covers 16,800 square meters.

3. The Great Mosque of Dongguan

The Great Mosque of Dongguan, Xining - China

The Great Mosque of Dongguan is located in Xining, Qinghai province, China. The architecture of the mosque is a combination of traditional Chinese and local style. It is shown with some ornamentation in the mosque. The mosque has large spaces for prayer that can accommodate 3,000 worshippers. Dongguan great mosque, now have an education centre and the institutions of Islam.

Built in the 14th century and has colorful white arches along the outside of the building. It has green and white dome and two minarets tall. General Ma Bufang and Ma Qi dominated Mosque Dongguan when they served as the military Governor of Qinghai.

4. Great Mosque of Xi'an

Great Mosque of Xi'an, Xi'an - China
Xi'an Mosque is a mosque located in the city of Chang'an, which is now known as the city of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China. This is the largest mosque in China and one of the most important in China.

The construction of the mosque began in 742 and is built with a combination of Chinese architectural tradition and Islam. The great mosque was built in honor of the spreaders of Islam in China. Since then, many mosques were established in China.

The majority of the mosque was built during the early Ming dynasty. It now houses more than twenty buildings in its five courtyards, and covers 12,000 square meters. The mosque of Xi'an, the last time in the reconstruction in the 18th century CE, following the architecture of China.

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Monday, March 11, 2019

See The Unique Culture Of Islamic Marriage In India

Hindustan or India is a country full of color, which saves a million uniqueness. From historic building solidly standing, culture, to his religious life.

As much as 80% of the citizens of India Hinduism. But Islam has grown very rapidly in the land of Bollywood. Even the central India became one of the world's largest muslim population.

Interestingly, India had a very distinctive culture blends with stretching the life of Muslims who are here. One of the acculturation of muslim and India look real on the tradition of marriage.

Read More : Top 10 Countries With The Largest Muslim Population In The World

Marriage customs in India always thick colorful festive decorations and will outfit the bride or guests. India wedding rituals usually last for several days. Even in some areas could take 1 week.

If you were invited to an Indian wedding for the very first time, you might want to understand what things to expect at an Indian wedding. Maharashtrian weddings are filled with assorted pujas and religious rituals but we are here in order to make the entire process easy and easy to comprehend. Muslim weddings are called Nikah in Urdu. Muslim Wedding Photography demands a good deal of attention and enthusiasm to make sure the ideal outcomes. Wedding in India is not only bonding of a guy and a woman, but in addition their families.

In the Jewish religion, marriage is deemed to be mandatory as a single person is deemed to be incomplete. Muslim marriages can be run in various ways, based on the culture in which they're arranged. A standard Muslim marriage is distinguished by much color and joviality.

Read More : Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, A Muslim Mathematician

The wedding procession of Muslims in India, mentioned first started with the ritual Istikhara, in which religious figures in the Muslim community to pray to God and begged his blessing for the wedding. In India, the procession was married to the actual must occur in the presence of a Maulvi, religious, priests and members of the immediate family. First by reading verses from the Koran and the afterward, the bride asked three times whether they want to marry each other. After that, the couple signed a Nikahnama, i.e. the marriage contract, and receive the blessing of the parents. Both families are heavily involved during the whole show and played a major role in any ceremony.

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Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Ibn Sina, The Father of Modern Medicine

Ibn Sina / Avicenna

Ibn Sina is one of the world's most respected Islamic figures. He was very famous in his time on the field of medicine. Not only during his life, because until now, the contribution in the field of medicine are still being used. No wonder, if he gets the nickname of father of Modern medicine.

He has the original name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī ibn Sīnā. Ibn Sina also have latin names Avicenna. He was born in 370 Hijri in 980 CE in Afsyahnah area near the region of Bukhara (in Persian) is now Uzbekistan. Intelligence does look since she was a child. Intelligence is sharpened because since childhood her father already get used to him doing scientific studies.

Among the books and treatise written by Ibn Sina, al-betterbydrbrooke or al-Syfa in Bible philosophy and Al-Qanun in medical science known all the masses. Al-betterbydrbrooke ' written in 18 Volumes that discuss philosophy, mantiq, mathematics, natural science and ilahiyyat. Mantiq al-betterbydrbrooke, known today as the most authentic books of Islamic sciences mantiq, while discussion of the nature and science of al-ilahiyyat Betterbydrbrooke ' up to this point is also still the subject of study.

In the medical sciences, kitab Al-Qanun Ibn Sina's writings for several centuries became the major reference book and most authentic. In the medical sciences, kitab Al-Qanun Ibn Sina's writings for several centuries became the major reference book and most authentic. This book discusses the General Medical Sciences, medicine, and various kinds of diseases. Along with the Awakening movement of translation in the 12th century a.d., kitab Al-Qanun Ibn Sina works translated into Latin. Now the book has also been translated into the language of the United Kingdom, France and Germany. Al-Qanun is the book collection of the ancient method of treatment and methods of treatment of Islam.

Read More :  Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, A Muslim Mathematician

According to Ibn Sina, someone recently was recognized as a gifted, if he mastered philosophy perfectly. Ibn Sina was very careful in studying the views of Aristotle's philosophy. When told his experience studying the thought of Aristotle, Avicenna claimed that he read the works of Aristotle's Metaphysics book by as much as 40 times. He mastered the meaning of the book perfectly after reading on or explanation of Aristotle's ' metaphysical ' which was written by a previous muslim philosophers, Farabi

Because of the seriousness of the researched and studied philosophy done by earlier philosophers such as Al-Kindi and Farabi, Avicenna successfully made and put together a coordinated system of Islamic philosophy which is neat. Avicenna did a great job by answering questions that are left unanswered by previous philosophy.

Ibn Sina death when she was 58 years old and is just at the Islamic year 428But his departure does not remove the works she created and is beneficial to humans until now. The name of the magnitude remains alive to this day, because this is an example of the great civilizations of Iran in his day.
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Saturday, February 17, 2018

Top 10 Countries With The Largest Muslim Population In The World

The religion of Islam is one of the largest religions in the world. Muslim growth itself is believed to reach 2.9% per year, while the world population growth reached only 2.3%. This makes the number of Islam as a religion with the fastest growing population in the world. Nowadays, Islam is ranked second by the number of followers as much as 1.59 billion. Or about 23% of the total world population. The number of Muslims is expected to rise almost doubled. Muslim estimate range of 2.7 billion in the year 2050, this will make the 29% of the world population are Muslims. Asia became the largest Muslim population in which Indonesia is the largest.

Here we present list 10 countries with the largest Muslim population :

1. Indonesia

Indonesia Flag

A country located in South East Asia is one of the countries with the largest population in the world. From 260 million residents of Indonesia, reported at least 88.1 percent are Muslim. The percentage of Muslim Indonesia reach up to 12.7% of the Muslim population in the world. Make Indonesia become the country with the largest Muslim population in the world.

2. Pakistan

Pakistan Flag

Pakistan is a country of the former British colonization which is located in South Asia. Approximately 96% of Pakistanis are Muslims from a population estimated at 193.2 million. Or take 11% of the entire population of the Muslim world.

3. India

India Flag

With the number of inhabitants reached 1,316 billion, India became the second country with the largest population. Though it is not the religion of the majority, the number of Islamic societies in India reaches 150 million more or approximately 14% of the total population in India.

4. Bangladesh

Bangladesh Flag

Bangladesh is a country contiguous with India and Pakistan. The number of Islamic population in Bangladesh reached 87% of the total population of Bangladesh is estimated at 150 million. This makes the country the fourth largest Muslim population ranking.

5. Egypt

Egypt Flag

Egypt is a country filled with a history of Islam in the past. Egypt is still a part of the Arabian peninsula. Located on the continent of Africa, Egypt has up to 80 million Muslims, which led him to 4.9 % of the world's Muslim population.

Read More :  Top 7 Largest Mosque In The World

6. Nigeria

Nigeria Flag

Nigeria is a country in West Africa. According to statistics, the percentage of Muslims in Nigeria up to 4.7 percent of the Muslim population of the world. 76 million residents embraced Islam in Nigeria. This figure makes Nigeria is ranked 6 countries with the largest Muslim population.

7. Iran

Iran Flag

Country located in Western Asia it has a percentage of 99.6 % Muslim. There are about 76 million Muslims in Iran or 4.6 percent of the world's Muslim population. The majority of Muslims in this country are Syiah. Iran is currently the largest Islamic State, is famous for his Muslim militancy.

8. Turkey

Turkey Flag

The only country of the continent of Europe who entered the list of top 10. 98.6% of the population of Turkey is Muslim. Make Turkey into an Islamic State that is respected in the world armed with a legendary Ottoman Empire history.

9. Algeria

Algeria Flag

Algeria is a country located in North Afrika near the Mediterranean coast. Almost all citizens of Algeria is a Muslim, his percentage reached 98.2% of the total population in the country. This makes Algeria accounted for 2.1 % of the total population of the Muslim world.

10. Morocco

Morocco Flag

Just like Algeria, Morocco is a country with nearly all of the inhabitants are Muslim. His percentage even reached 99.9%. The role of the dynasty in the past to be one of the factors that make Morocco became an Islamic State.
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